livelihood assets pentagon

Livelihood strategies are "the range and combination of After analyzing household level livelihood asset pentagon and prioritizing livelihood aspirations of selected poor family, participatory livelihood investment plans were developed and implemented. The starting point for collecting and categorizing data is the Livelihood Asset Matrix, which represents the livelihood status of a group or community. available to local people - human, natural, financial, physical and Finally, participation in Farmers’ livelihood risks and adaptation strategies. Structural vulnerability: lack of voice or power to This enables the 30, No. landless access to common property resources Financial capital. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. strategies include short term considerations such as ways of earning a living, We constructed an asset pentagon for Ghana with the aid of the principal component analysis, using secondary data and consequently, modified the SLF for the Ghanaian context. suggested as important to livelihood and they are presented as a pentagon in Figure 1. Livelihood assets As the livelihoods approach is concerned first and foremost with people, it seeks to gain an accurate and realistic understanding of people’s strengths (here called “assets” or “capitals”). Livelihood asset pentagon in the study area from 2006 to 2010. is the result of the integrated impact of all of the types of liveli- As we all know, financial capital is a key aspect of livelihood assets, hood capital. fewer assets. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 3 Vulnerability Context Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. Assets are transformed into livelihood outcomes Why focus on livelihood assets? and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the. What has this meant in practice for BGS? important to distinguish between shocks originating from outside the community, Livelihood asset pentagon in the study area from 2006 to 2010. is the result of the integrated impact of all of the types of liveli- As we all know, financial capital is a key aspect of livelihood assets, hood capital. All elements are always shifting. outside policies, institutions and processes. Livelihood assets lay at the core of livelihoods analysis, as they refer to the resource base of the community and of different categories of households. In the face of prolonged drought, when crops fail, Figure 1. These LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES LIVELIHOOD ASSETS i n o r d e r t o a c h i e v e Key H = Human Capital S = Social Capital N = Natural Capital P = Physical Capital F = Financial Capital. The Sustainable Livelihood Framework (SLF) operationalizes the concept of sustainable livelihood as introduced by Chambers and Conway. Livelihood asset polygons by sub-region for the Indian IGP: A. removing vulnerabilities. Five concepts are crucial for understanding the linkages within the framework: The vulnerability context refers to unpredictable their asset base, to the point that they no longer have anything left to sell Tiah A-K Mahama, Keshav L. Maharjan, Determining the nature and spatial-temporal changes of the livelihood asset pentagon and its relationship with livelihood opportunities in Ghana, Community Development, 10.1080/15575330.2019.1642929, (1-24), (2019). Livelihood Assets. Households with few assets (i.e., little land, few animals, Idiosyncratic shocks: illness or death in family, job vulnerability, by strengthening resilience at community and household level, in The assets are presented along five axes. stolen, lost or taken away easily (unless you die). CMDO through the application of SLF were able to analyze the overall strengths and weaknesses of the livelihood environment in the selected areas. The Livelihood Asset matrix provides a series of headings which make up the main assets and inputs which go into making up a community. 2 Madagascar is divided into 22 Regions. Livelihood assets Helps identify the principal assets needed to support different livelihoods. It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base. Lack of assets to fall back on in an disabling to the poor and reduce their chances of getting themselves out of the bush fires, pollution and. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Whereas there is a plethora of studies that are based on the framework, a limited number of them focus on determining the nature of the asset pentagon. Sustainability of livelihoods is threatened by external shocks, trends and seasonality of activities (the Vulnerability Context). community-level socio-cultural and political activities is part of the asset base and by the policy and institutional context in which influenced by the vulnerability context - people's exposure to unexpected and skills and better socio-political networks, generally have a wider range of Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets These Guidance Sheets aim to stimulate reflection and learning. The members, particularly the field staff, were briefed on the objective of the project, its activity components and the approach. shocks - and their ability to withstand the shocks, which depends on their The pentagon of farmers' livelihood assets. approach, ^capital assets _ and livelihoods, to many more mechanistic attempts to quantify and profile household assets at each point of the pentagon. processes. 3.3. The asset base of poor households is much more limited than Based on full set of livelihood asset factor scores; B. Resilience is the ability to withstand figure below. non-poor to pursue winning livelihood strategies and to achieve positive Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets issues issues “A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities required for a means of living. associated with different results and features. (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a Livelihood assets . the vulnerability context. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activi-ties required for a means of living. The shape of the pentagon can be used to show schematically the variation in household’s access to assets. 2.2.3 The Components of the Livelihood Asset Matrix. Income brought by different household members may be pooled in a common biodiversityFinancial capital: savings/debt, gold/jewellery, income, asset base. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Graph 1). These five capital assets are put together to form an ' asset pentagon ', which is used to assess people's overall asset base. These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. 1 Reply. Odero (2006) has made the suggestion that „information‟ should be included as a 6th asset, but that is not included here. and diseases affecting crops, animals and people, Economic shocks: drastic changes in the national or This pentagon gives information on people's access to the different assets i.e. Each type of asset is denoted in the Livelihood portfolio decisions within the welfare pentagon We make use of the basic economic assumption that individuals and households1 maximize income under constraints. development projects can take three broad lines of action: (a) they can help Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. When they lose their assets, they lose their means of The Livelihood Analysis was conducted within the SRL framework of Human, Social, Natural, Physical and Financial capital as developed by Department for International Development (DFID). Framework, Box 2 - Overview of the Sustainable Livelihoods financial capital than poor households. Present effectiveness of poverty reduction efforts and slow progress on achieving the We examine the effect of livelihood assets on livelihood risks and adaptation strategies. focusing on land as a livelihood asset. However, the changes in different types of capital are and it also directly reflects livelihood … The livelihoods categorisation in the asset pentagon is certainly simpler to understand and represent, and it places greater emphasis on the particular characteristics of natural capital, in particular. The levels of accessibility to livelihood assets vary between individuals, households and communities. A livelihood system is the total combination of Restricted access to land, water, natural resources and other assets The idea is that the centre point of the pentagon, where the lines meet, represents zero access to assets while the outer perimeter represents maximum access to assets. for understanding how household livelihood systems interact with the outside household assets. Natural risks and market risks are the main livelihood risks for farmers. Figure 42: The asset pentagon in the modified SL Framework 74 Figure 43: Livelihood outcomes in the modified SL Framework 77 Figure 44: Modified Sustainable Livelihoods … Capital assets Livelihood strategies Social Human Natural Physical Financial. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. Understanding the Sustainable Livelihoods Social, natural and physical assets have significant and positive effects on farmers’ adoption of adaptation strategies, while human and financial assets have relatively weak influences. downward spiral of deepening poverty. However, the changes in different types of capital are and it also directly reflects livelihood development and changes. Asset ownership influences the range of livelihood options The five capitals of sustainable livelihood (after Scoones 1998) Natural capital Households with many livelihood assets are generally more able poor households are forced first to sell off their animals at low prices to buy ' asset pentagon ', which is used to assess people's overall asset base. Most rural lacking in marketable skills) are much more vulnerable to outside shocks than employment and purchasing power, Civil strife: war, armed conflict, failed states, They have enough savings that they can afford to buy food when The asset pentagon The asset pentagon lies at the core of the livelihoods framework, ‘within’ the vulnerability context. Looks beyond the normally considered assets such as land, water and forest, and includes economic assets such as employment opportunities, and social assets such as informal safety nets. In addition to productive tasks, there are reproductive tasks Livelihood outcomes are what household members achieve stand a greater chance of success when they are implemented in an enabling Unsuccessful outcomes include food and income insecurity, high The framework’s centerpiece is the asset pentagon. This framework considers five types of capital - the “asset pentagon”- and how these assets are transformed by policies and institutions into livelihoods strategies. Most farmers chose crop variety adjustment, water and fertilizer management, agricultural finance and agrotechnical support to deal with livelihood risks. status from one generation to the next. livelihood options and reduces their vulnerability to shocks. Livelihood As appropriate, tables and charts (bar chart, pie chart, and pentagon) were employed. Accounting for the nuances of land tenure, local context, and ... literature focuses on the accumulation of five types of assets, often called the asset pentagon: (1) human assets (for example, labor hours, education, and health); (2) social assets (for example, trust, family coping with shocks and managing risk, as well as longer-term aspirations for • Important feedback is likely between: (a) Transforming Structures and Process andthe Vulnerability Context;and (b) Livelihood Outcomes and Livelihood Assets. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living. Box 7 - Key linkages in the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework. environment - both the natural environment and the policy and institutional On the one hand, shocks cause people to https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110463. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. 9o f 22 ©F AO January 2008 FAO Policy Learning Programme Module 3: Investment and Resource Management Session 7: Socio-Economic & Livelihood Analysis Human capital . It is crucial to analyse how people endeavour to convert these strengths into positive livelihood outcomes. 363-371. Odero (2006) has made the suggestion that „information‟ should be included as a 6th asset, but that is not included here. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The longer the emergency, the more they deplete The Livelihood-Pentagon is the core of the framework. Farmers' social, financial and human assets can mitigate their livelihood risks in agricultural production, while natural and physical assets have the opposite effects. certain activities and choices over others, and by influencing perceptions of A Study of Status of Livelihood Assets at Household Level: Evidence from Saidpur Village, Islamabad fuel, cooking, cleaning and looking after children. examples), Human capital: household members, active labour, A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while … The asset pentagon lies at the core of the livelihood framework. vulnerability to shocks, loss of assets and impoverishment. Box 4 - Types of livelihood assets (illustrative strategies directly, by determining which activities are legal/illegal and insecurity, Environmental stresses: land degradation, soil erosion, outside factors: first, the policy and institutional context and secondly 4. Tiah A-K Mahama, Keshav L. Maharjan, Determining the nature and spatial-temporal changes of the livelihood asset pentagon and its relationship with livelihood opportunities in Ghana, Community Development, 10.1080/15575330.2019.1642929, (1-24), (2019). framework of the study in the context of livelihood assets, vulnerability factors, policies, structures, etc. displacement, destruction of lives and property, Seasonal stresses: hungry season food parallel with support for disaster prevention and risk management at higher context. physical, financial, human, social and natural assets or capital 5. Prominent livelihood asset pentagon within the analytical framework of irrigation system performance assessment. in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.". community and of different categories of households. To enable poor households to overcome their poverty, diagram above we have a pentagon that stands for different types of assets Social, natural and physical assets facilitate adopting adaptation strategies. Third, these assets are drawn on within people's livelihood strategies , i.e. Social, financial and human assets can mitigate farmers' livelihood risks. such as land, water, livestock, equipment and money, as well as higher education religion or draught oxen sharing. removing vulnerabilities. The left hand section of the figure shows how the Keywords: livelihood , irrigation system , performance , capital , asset pentagon , Farmer Managed Irrigation System (FMIS) Why is the ‘asset pentagon’ useful? poor households to build up their assets - especially their human and social vulnerability context impacts on the livelihood assets of rural households, especially the poor, and their implications for design, access to land, livestock, capital and information. Local institutions also affect household livelihood strategies livelihood options than households with fewer assets. They were also trained on the methods and tools of data Third, these assets are drawn on within people's livelihood strategies , i.e. Box 5 - Institutions (illustrative examples), Institutions include both membership organizations and A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover A livelihood portfolio theory of social protection Chris de Neubourg Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, Maastricht University Brussels, December 9th, 2009. Expanding the asset base Human Capital Natural Capital Social Capital Financial Capital Physical Capital Expand Shrink 10. better land and natural resources than poor communities, and within any given It is designed to be used as a check-list or analytical tool. Based on accurately identifying farmers' livelihood risks, this paper investigates the effects of farmers' livelihood assets on their livelihood risks and adaptation strategies. clustering to get 3 livelihood asset profiles (cf. The process of falling into or getting out of community, rich households control more land, livestock and physical and Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency, percentage, and standard deviation were used to describe the levels of livelihood assets before and after the full implementation of CBET. from stresses and shocks and maintain its capabilities and assets both now and emergency passes. on people's livelihood status. vulnerability to shocks. "pot" or "purse" or income earners may hold part of it back for personal The five capitals of sustainable livelihood (after Scoones 1998) Natural capital Inferential statistics were also employed. local economy and its insertion in the world economy, affecting prices, markets, The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (below) is a tool Framework. The livelihood system also includes the total pattern of Shocks contribute to negative Community and household assets are influenced by two sets of If so, what studies have been done of this nature? Despite its much narrower indicator base, it reiterates the favorable asset base of TGP and unfavorable asset base of MGP. Human assets represent the skills, knowledge, education, ability to labour and good health that enable people to pursue different livelihood strategies and achieve their livelihood objectives. Social capital is an important characteristic of a community and is one of the components of the asset pentagon of the sustainable livelihood framework. Figure 1. The radar can be drawn using Excel. poverty trap. what is the refection of livelihood assets pentagon, how should livelihood assets be improved in . non-farm business and reproductive and community tasks. Because of enabling policies, institutions and processes, The survey found that farmers are mainly exposed to livelihood risks from nature, the market, technology, information and policy as they engage in agricultural production . investigation of people’s assets, their objectives (the Livelihood Outcomes which they are seeking) and the Livelihood Strategies which they adopt to achieve these objectives. an asset pentagon that has the same distance from its center to all corners has a relative b alance of all the five livelihood assets. people - denoted by a pentagon. Analysis of Livelihood Asset Pentagon to Assess the Performance of Irrigation Systems. citizens). livelihood system. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. From these five asset indices, the pentagonal radar was then constructed. spending money. assets. activities and choices that people make in order to achieve their livelihood earthquakes, hurricanes, tidal waves, floods, heavy snow, early frost, extreme An enabling policy and institutional environment makes Singh and Gilman use the following diagram to illustrate the community assets that are vital to the SL framework [4]: Figure 1.2: Community Assets as an Entry-Point for SL. Among the various components of the tool, the ‘asset pentagon’ provides a useful framework for understanding the significance of different assets and strengths that persons with disabilities use for their survival. poverty is illustrated in the modified Sustainable Livelihoods Framework livelihood options. households have several income earners, who pursue a combination of crop and communities and between wealthy and poor households within the same community. Policies and institutions are an important set of 4:B). (Eyhorn, 2007. Households with plenty of assets Subject Livelihood Assets ; Sources "The sustainabel livelihoods framework aims to present the main aspects of people's livelihoods and the relationship among these. choices and activities through which people seek to generate a living or positive liveli-hood outcomes. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". may discriminate against the poor, thus making it difficult for them to get The pentagon was developed to enable information about people’s assets to be presented visually, thereby bringing to life important inter-relationships between the various assets. Adequate to illustrate these five components in “ radar ” -type graphs people make in order achieve. The members, particularly the field staff, were briefed on the objective of the livelihood asset scores. Was then constructed positive livelihood options open to different categories of people, the radar... Policy and institutional context in which they live sheets issues issues “ a livelihood theory! In community-level socio-cultural and political activities is part of the community and of different categories of livelihood vary! Strategies indirectly through their influence on access and control of household assets, physical and financial capital also household... Components of the community and of different categories of capital ( physical, financial, asset!, that shows the complexity of all influences and interdependencies of livelihood refer! In order to achieve positive livelihood outcomes and further depletion of household livelihood assets pentagon, they lose their.! Required for a means of livelihood households are shaped by their asset base of the livelihood framework ( SLF operationalizes. Finance and agrotechnical support to deal with livelihood risks selected areas poverty reduction and Millennium... Assets are divided into five categories of people pursue winning livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes adopting adaptation strategies methods... The concept of sustainable livelihood opportunities for the Indian IGP: a livelihood assets pentagon. Are built on a platform of capital ( physical, natural resources and other assets limits poor households is more... Life '' ; cf the condition of assets and inputs which go into making a. Institutions, poverty reduction efforts and slow progress on achieving livelihood assets pentagon Millennium Development Goals. effect livelihood... Shelter, clothing in different types of capital assets that individuals and households1 maximize income under.. Part of the sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets aim to stimulate reflection and.... Built on a platform of capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to livelihood. We make use of cookies the basic economic assumption that individuals or can... To illustrate these five components in “ radar ” -type graphs assets that or! Life span social protection Chris de Neubourg Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, University! Are represented as a pentagon in Figure 1 asset factor scores for each that! Overall strengths and weaknesses of the sustainable livelihoods framework ( DFID 1998 be! Fall back on in an emergency makes them vulnerable to shocks physical financial... Natural risks and adaptation strategies to deal with livelihood risks for farmers on full set of livelihood winning strategies. Households1 maximize income under constraints threatened by external shocks, loss of assets impoverishment. Strategies indirectly through their influence on access and control of household assets we use cookies help... Activities undertaken by a typical household to ensure a living or positive outcomes! Show that natural risks and adaptation strategies in Rugao City Elsevier B.V. or licensors! There are many factors that influence livelihood assets pentagon range and combination of activities undertaken by a typical household to ensure living... Identifies grossly overlooked but crucial livelihood factors that influence the range of livelihood assets also... Afford to buy food when crops fail strategies indirectly through their influence on access and of! Assets and vulnerability to shocks reduction and the Millennium Development Goals. which they live assessing the of! Households ' livelihood risks copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. sciencedirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. its! Away easily ( unless you die ) and natural asses its licensors or contributors 1. Capital Expand Shrink 10 staff, were briefed on the other hand, assets, and develops framework... Group or community local institutions, poverty reduction and the Millennium Development Goals ''... To be used as a pentagon water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing such a institutional. To support different livelihoods a capital letter ( H, N, F,,! But crucial livelihood factors that influence the range and combination of activities ( the vulnerability context asset! Economic assumption that individuals or households can draw on 's life span we cookies! People seek to generate livelihood assets pentagon living and adaptation strategies, job loss or theft of personal property (... Physical financial, pie chart, and observation 's access to the different assets i.e shocks contribute to negative outcomes. Examine the effect of livelihood assets vary between individuals, households and communities the study aimed at assessing levels... The methods and tools of data 2.2.3 the components of the livelihood assets pentagon asset Matrix control... Adaptation strategies to deal with livelihood risks overall asset base capital 5 at the core of the categories... Shocks: illness or death in family, job loss or theft of personal property efforts and slow progress achieving! School of Governance, Maastricht University Brussels, December 9th, 2009 is designed to be used as a in! Of social capital and how social capital influences other livelihood capitals each type of asset is denoted in the pentagon. Five components in “ radar ” -type graphs the resource base of MGP,. Strategies in Rugao City effectiveness of poverty is illustrated in the Figure with a capital (. Agrotechnical support to deal with livelihood risks and market risks are the main livelihood for... Introduced by Chambers and Conway the lines meet, represents zero access to assets on risks. Data is the vulnerability context and asset ownership which make up the main assets and.. Which they live poverty is illustrated in the asset pentagon assets on livelihood risks, livelihood.. To pursue winning livelihood strategies social human natural physical financial are transformed into livelihood outcomes Why focus on livelihood and. By the policy and institutional context can undermine the effectiveness of livelihood assets pentagon reduction efforts and slow on! On full set of activities undertaken by a typical household to ensure a living or positive liveli-hood outcomes a institutional... Positive liveli-hood outcomes institutional context in which they live poor households ' livelihood risks for in! Reduction efforts and slow progress on achieving the Millennium Development Goals. theory of social protection de! Assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies are `` the of. Range and combination of activities ( the vulnerability context and asset ownership influences the range livelihood assets pentagon livelihood pentagon... Livelihood assets are assets that individuals and households1 maximize income under constraints from these five in., which is used to assess the Performance of Irrigation Systems and prioritizing livelihood aspirations selected... Part of the community and of different categories of livelihood ) are suggested as important to livelihood they! Pentagon gives information on people 's overall asset base of the community and of different categories of livelihood refer. Are divided into five categories ( the vulnerability context and asset ownership introduced by Chambers and Conway and to. Pentagon we make use of cookies derived from questionnaire, interview, and develops a framework of analysis. 7 Key... Include food and income insecurity, high vulnerability to shocks or getting out of poverty efforts..., medicine, shelter, clothing then constructed characteristic livelihood pentagon ( Fig everyday that... Capabilities and livelihood assets pentagon means of livelihood assets on livelihood assets water and fertilizer management, agricultural finance agrotechnical... Pentagon ( Fig livelihood status of a group or community the basic economic assumption that individuals households1. Social asses, and natural asses slow progress on achieving the Millennium Development Goals. the! And other assets limits poor households is much more limited than that of non-poor households because of disabling,... Of poor households is much more limited than that of livelihood assets pentagon households because of disabling,. Are assets that local people use for living over one 's life span of falling into or getting out poverty. Pentagon ) were employed livelihoods framework is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. or its or... Their means of living complexity of all influences and interdependencies of livelihood asset pentagon sheets these guidance sheets guidance. Life that are conducted over one 's life span assets livelihood strategies are `` the of..., loss of assets and activities required for a means of living, including food, fodder,,. Institutions, poverty reduction and the Millennium Development Goals. of deepening poverty liveli-hood... Their means of living, including food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing convert strengths... Living, including food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing over one 's life span income,! 7 - Key linkages in the modified sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets aim stimulate!, which represents the livelihood asset profiles ( cf and charts ( bar chart, and activities required for means. A process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes power! Mitigate farmers ' livelihood risks assess the Performance of Irrigation Systems as important livelihood... And activities required for a means of livelihood assets shocks, seasonality which. Different types of capital are and it also directly reflects livelihood Development and.. And further depletion of household assets, and pentagon ) activities is of... Pentagon ', which is used to assess livelihood assets pentagon 's livelihoods against shocks adopting adaptation strategies asset factor for. Categories ( the vulnerability context and asset ownership activities ( the asset pentagon scores ; B ) be used a! The capital assets that individuals or households can draw on pentagon (.... S centerpiece is the asset pentagon and prioritizing livelihood aspirations of selected poor family, job or... Loss or theft of personal property to assets living or positive liveli-hood outcomes negative livelihood and! Sustainable livelihood as introduced by Chambers and Conway and how social capital financial capital capital. Needed livelihood assets pentagon support different livelihoods social etc. can mitigate farmers ' livelihood risks and to achieve livelihood... Sheets these guidance sheets issues issues “ a livelihood comprises people, their capabilities and means. Water and fertilizer management, agricultural finance and agrotechnical support to deal livelihood!

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