security and climate change

2. It can for instance combine the satellite data on forest cover in a country with those of the same area just two weeks before. It also begins to map and monitor environmental and climate security risks. Water scarcity is expected to rise to unprecedented levels in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. The human factor, in particular, is difficult to predict: what decisions will be taken by individuals and governments when confronted with climate change? By continuing to use this site you accept our use of cookies. UNEP is one of the hosts of another digital data project called the World Environment Situation Room (powered by MapX). In another sign that the Department of Defense (DoD) is prioritizing climate security risks, the annual Inspector General (IG) summary of the Department’s top management challenges explicitly discusses climate change and extreme weather events. Keeping the severity and complexity of these challenges in mind, security organisations should invest more in understanding and preparing for these future threats, together with a wide range of other relevant actors. While we should do the utmost to mitigate climate change, it would be naive not to think about how to prepare for the security consequences of a much warmer world, where a drastically changed environment will contribute to new security challenges. Climate change threatens security through a dizzying array of channels. One of the reasons they may identify for the world’s slow reaction to both the cause and impacts of the climate crisis is that our institutions tend to work in silos and through government structures set up in a different era to confront a different sort of dangers. Photo © CGTN. While consensus is building, climate change isn't waiting around. “It is the intersection of climate with other developments and with other trends and issues that combine to increase the risks.” When evaluating risks of climate change to national security, intelligence analysts should leverage the expertise across the U.S. government as well as accurately measure how countries manage climate risk… We have yet to see effective and visionary decision-making that could preserve our vulnerable planet from environmental degradation. Photo © Club of Mozambique. We do not have the luxury to postpone effective climate action any longer. The damage to our planet is globalising faster than the global coordinated responses that are needed. Some of the key steps the public and private sectors can take include: Making climate change a national security … the link between climate change and national secu rity. BlackBerry uses cookies to help make our website better. A growing, but still relatively small part of the public, is beginning to realise this and is calling on governments to act much more decisively. The Climate Change and Security project aims to deepen knowledge on how, when and why climate-related security risks arise, and how these risks can be mitigated, strengthening human security and long-term sustainable peace (Sustainable Develop Goals 13 and 16). There is high agreement that climate change intimidates security where the term ‘security’ can refer to a broad range of securities involving national, international and Human Security. Hearing on climate change and national security becomes an angry partisan clash (April 9, 2019) Germany pushes climate change as security risk (April 6, 2019) White House climate panel to include a climate denialist (February 20, 2019) U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link (January 26, 2019) Climate change poses grave risks to humanity in the 21st century; confronting it will require a massive transformation of the world’s energy systems. Countries' stances on climate change often mirror other geopolitical aims. The IAEA helps countries to use nuclear science and technologies to monitor and measure the impact of climate change and adapt to its effects. The media focuses on stories that will bring in money through views, clicks and “likes”. President-elect Joe Biden is 50 days away from assuming office as commander-in-chief. Tackling climate change requires a global effort, from governments, businesses, communities, and individuals. Another initiative of WRI, together with other partners, is the Water, Peace and Security (WPS) partnership. Humidity and heat could make large parts of the tropic zones uninhabitable for at least part of the year. There is no legitimate doubt that human activity is accelerating the greenhouse effect, which results in global warming. But it is a killer of people, it is operating worldwide to destabilise societies, and it is gaining strength. This year’s Emissions Gap Report, issued by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), has concluded that there is a huge and growing gap between what needs to be done to tackle climate change and what we are actually doing. Our commitments and initiatives, built in-line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, include: The climate change goals we need to accomplish as a global community, for our security and that of future generations, are ambitious. Water scarcity is expected to rise in some regions due to population growth, rapid urbanisation and growing economic demands for water. He warned that “the point of no return is no longer over the horizon; it is in sight and hurtling toward us.”. It is also hard to anticipate what actions world leaders will take in the future to prevent a breakdown of our ecosystems, including the (lack of) actions to curb greenhouse gas emissions. Supporting climate security. Population growth, socio-economic activities and increasing effects of climate change have perturbed the elements of the water cycle across multiple temporal and spatial scales. What is published in NATO Review does not necessarily represent the official position or policy of member governments, or of NATO. It has no flag, no leader, no combatants, nor a revolutionary manifesto. Economic instability, infrastructure risks, decreased water supplies and social unrest are named as a few of the potential outcomes of the climate change trajectory we are on today. The UN was built in the aftermath of … Already we are seeing signs of what lies ahead: heatwaves, forest fires and increased destruction by hurricanes, floods and other forms of extreme weather. Climate change has risen up the Security Council agenda in recent years. As the United Nations approaches its 75th anniversary, the impact of anthropogenic climate change is sweeping across our planet. Meanwhile the military should prepare for the consequences of climate change on security. A classic enemy is fought by the military, while every other institution in a country prepares for the consequences of the enemy’s actions. © 2020 BlackBerry Limited. Given the complexities of the planet’s interacting processes, it is difficult to predict exactly what will happen at different mean temperatures –but basically the hotter it gets, the greater the disruption will be to weather patterns, ecosystems and sea levels. The need to prepare for a different world. And while the public is increasingly raising its voice to demand urgent action, the ball remains very much in the court of governance. For more than ten years, it has warned of the potential security implications of climate change. This think tank works with a range of partners on projects like Global Forest Watch and Resource Watch, which provide new insights into what is happening on our planet. The Planetary Security conferences that have been organised in The Hague since 2015 have helped to break down the silos between scientists, policy makers and military experts. Joe Biden inauguration: Boris Johnson wants to work with Joe Biden on climate change and security A poll revealed Britons expected the new US … Governments concentrate on winning the next elections, which makes current spending on preparing for the world of the future less popular (proposing relevant measures to encourage people to fly less and eat less meat are still considered a career-ending move in mainstream politics). This was acknowledged in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and has since has been ratified by 197 countries. The past few months have shown us is that we are capable of rapid and drastic change, with a unified effort on a global scale. Many popular articles on ‘climate wars’ or ‘water wars’ are highly speculative. Conclusion Food security and population growth are greatly affected by climate change. Billions of people may be faced with high levels of water stress or food scarcity, and many may migrate towards more habitable parts of the planet. The exponential growth in resource extraction, use of fossil fuels, production, consumption and waste has contributed to the rise in CO2 emissions, extensive pollution, and loss of biodiversity, impacting all kinds of other processes on the planet. DC Latest: Biden’s Plans On Immigration, Climate Change. Combining remote sensing, big data and AI could make it possible to forecast risks and assess scenarios in a way we could never do before, and this could help us prepare better for future challenges. In short, it impacts all aspects of the food system. Together with the Institute for Planetary Security, UNEP plans to organise a conference for all interested parties in 2020, aiming to create a partnership that will lead to a very powerful open access system that could revolutionise our knowledge of developments on our planet and boost our early warning capacity. The pathways through which these risks manifest is highly contextual and determined by the interaction between climatic hazards, exposure, and, most importantly, the … This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. It is hard to imagine what the combined consequences of the geophysical and societal changes could mean for us. A hotter planet will increasingly lead to security challenges. Additionally, Neelam manages BlackBerry’s travel strategy and operations. Mozambique was hit by two violent cyclones in March and April 2019, which together killed around 700 people. Plus, National Security And More COVID-19: LA County Residents 65 & Older Can Start Making Vaccine Appointments This Week Governments and businesses are in a particularly impactful position to drive positive change. BlackBerry. Climate security refers to the security risks induced, directly or indirectly, by changes in the natural climate. UNEP has also taken the initiative to strengthen cooperation and synergy between all these activities in order to build a ‘digital ecosystem for the environment’. This paper systematically explores the range of possible connections between climate change and security, including national security considerations, human security concerns, military roles, and a discussion of the widely held assumption that climate change may trigger violent conflict. Some of the cookies are necessary for proper In one case, scarcity may drive conflict and migration, while in another it may forge innovation and cooperation. Alexander Verbeek is a Dutch environmentalist, who has mostly worked on the linkage between security and the earth's accelerating environmental crisis. On the one hand, climate change and environmental degradation will make it even more complicated to predict conflicts. Sadly, we are currently too slow in taking action to meet these targets – greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. Climate change will affect access to water, food, and energy — each of which is linked to conflict risk and national security through different channels — as well as patterns and prevalence of infectious disease, the frequency and scale of humanitarian crises, and human migration patterns. As Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stated upon the release of the WMO provisional Statement on the State of the Climate in 2019: “If we do not take urgent climate action now, then we are heading for a temperature increase of more than 3°C by the end of the century, with ever more harmful impacts on human wellbeing.”. These new movements join the countless scientists who have warned for decades that we are doing too little too late. Last year brought us record-breaking wildfires, floods and hurricanes, during a global pandemic. Vice President of Business Operations & Strategic Accounts, Office of the CEO Neelam Sandhu is responsible for the operations of the CEO office, including supporting the CEO in managing key customer and government relationships globally, preparation of and for internal and external content and engagements, and driving special cross-functional projects to deliver operational efficiencies. As a technology and a security company, BlackBerry recognizes the key role we have in addressing climate change. Her responsibilities have included Brand Management, Brand Messaging, Marketing Operations, Go-To-Market planning and Corporate Strategic Initiatives. The scale of these challenges could easily be underestimated. ‘Planetary security’ therefore captures the new security challenges of our century better than the phrase ‘climate security’, or even the wider concept of ‘environment and security’. This support is relevant in the context of improving agriculture, water management and the resilience of food production systems, among others. Tackling climate change requires a global effort, from governments, businesses, communities, and individuals. The World Meteorological Organization said there was no previous record of two storms of such intensity striking the country in the same season. He created the Planetary Security Initiative and is Policy Director at the Environment & Development Resource Centre in Brussels. These new tools could help us to prepare for a different world with new challenges. He has committed to taking bold, historic action on climate change and has named climate change one of the four crises facing the United States. Increasingly, military experts are voicing their concerns. Since joining BlackBerry in 2009 Neelam has held various positions, based out of the company’s United Kingdom, New York and California offices. In a recent report by the U.S. National Security, Military and Intelligence Panel (NSMIP) climate change is described as the one of the most pressing threats to national and global security. Read more here about our cookies, and how you can Climate change is therefore often described as a ‘risk multiplier’ a ‘fragility amplifier’ or even a ‘catalyst’ of conflict. 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